The symptoms of Valium addiction vary from person to person, but there are common indicators that a level of dependence to the active ingredient diazepam has been reached. And the possibility of abusing and becoming dependent on Valium lies in how the drug affects the body and mind, known as the diazepam addiction mechanism. Diazapams inhibit certain neurotransmitters in the brain that, when too prevalent, cause uncontrollable nervousness, stress and anxiety. However, the brain quickly reacts to that neurotransmitter inhibition by developing a tolerance to the drug, requiring that more and more be taken in order to achieve the desired effect. And when Diazapams and Benzodiazepines are ceased, the changes to the neurotransmitters lead to a surge of hyper-excitability of the central nervous system.
The most outward signs that occur in the Valium addict or abuser include changes in mood and behavior: irritability, mania, panic attacks, confusion and alternating aggression, hostility and depression. Additionally, those individuals abusing or addicted to Valium will exhibit a drastic change in appearance due to a lack of attention to personal hygiene; changes in eating habits; slowed movements and reaction times; using the drug in a manner not prescribed, such as taking more than prescribed; and taking frequent trips to multiple physicians in order to obtain more than one prescription. Valium addicts may also engage in risky and possibly illegal activities due to a lack of good judgment.
Physically, a Valium addict or abuser will experience persistent drowsiness and dizziness due to the drug’s depressive effect on the central nervous system. They may also experience a spinning sensation, dry retching, periods of alternating restlessness and fatigue, muscle weakness, nausea, constipation, dry mouth or uncontrollable drooling, slurred speech, blurred or double vision, memory problems and a skin rash or itching. The psychological symptoms of Valium abuse and addiction include memory problems, amnesia, possible hallucinations, thoughts of suicide and a loss of inhibitions, which often lead to risky or dangerous actions and behaviors.
When the physical or psychological symptoms of Valium abuse or addiction are observed by family or friends, it’s vital they strongly urge the user to seek help from addiction specialists or other healthcare professionals. The long-term effects of Valium abuse can lead to a dangerous set of conditions such as difficulty breathing, respiratory distress, slowed pulse and, in extreme circumstances, coma, heart attacks and even death. Additionally, Valium addiction often leads to a state of social isolation from loved ones as well as career problems and financial and legal troubles. And of course, a general deterioration of a healthy and productive lifestyle often accompanies diazepam and benzodiazepine abuse, including a withdrawal from once enjoyable hobbies and extraordinary efforts to hide the dependence.